Surgery & Treatment Comparison

Confidence in Knowing Your Status

Prostate Cancer Treatment Comparison

For localized prostate cancer, radical prostatectomy is often considered an effective way to remove cancer.1,2,3,4 Removing the cancerous prostate helps your doctor to see the extent of the cancer. This can be critical: In clinical studies, up to 35% of tumors are more aggressive than the pre-surgery biopsy results showed.5


Learn about surgery for prostate cancer, including minimally invasive da Vinci® Surgery:

Surgery: Preserving Your Options

It may be easier for your doctor to detect a cancer recurrence after a radical prostatectomy than after radiation therapy.6 Surgery can also help preserve your ability to undergo radiation if your cancer returns. After radiation, there may be damage to the tissue surrounding the prostate. If you have tissue damage, nerve-sparing surgery may no longer be an option if your cancer returns. However, radiation usually remains an option for patients who have had a prostatectomy.7

*PSA= Prostate-Specific Antigen, a protein that may indicate the presence of cancer.

  1. Tewari A, Sooriakumaran P, Bloch DA, Seshadri-Kreaden U, Hebert AE, Wiklund P. Positive surgical margin and perioperative complication rates of primary surgical treatments for prostate cancer: a systematic review and meta-analysis comparing retropubic, laparoscopic, and robotic prostatectomy. Eur Urol. 2012 Jul;62(1):1-15. Epub 2012 Feb 24
  2. Weerakoon M, Sengupta S, Sethi K, Ischia J, Webb DR. Predictors of positive surgical margins at open and robot-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy: a single surgeon series. J Robotic Surg. 2011.
  3. Coronato EE, Harmon JD, Ginsberg PC, Harkaway RC, Singh K, Braitman L, Sloane BB, Jaffe JS. A multiinstitutional comparison of radical retropubic prostatectomy, radical perineal prostatectomy, and robot-assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy for treatment of localized prostate cancer. J Robotic Surg (2009) 3:175-178. DOI: 10.1007/s11701-009-0158-2.
  4. Health Information and Quality Authority (HIQA), reporting to the Minister of Health-Ireland. Health technology assessment of robot-assisted surgery in selected surgical procedures, 21 September 2011.
  5. King CR, Patterns of prostate cancer biopsy grading: trends and clinical implications. Int J. Cancer (Radiat. Oncol. Invest.) 2000; 90,305-311.
  6. Di Blasio, C. J., A. C. Rhee, et al. Predicting clinical end points: treatment nomograms in prostate cancer. Semin Oncol. 2005; 30(5):567-86.
  7. Carlucci JR, Nabizada-Pace F, Samadi DB. Organ-confined prostate cancer and the emergence of robotic prostatectomy: What primary care physicians and geriatricians need to know. Geriatrics. 2009; 64(2):8-14.

PN 1003392 Rev A 08/13

All surgery presents risk, including da Vinci Surgery. Results, including cosmetic results, may vary. Serious complications may occur in any surgery, up to and including death. Examples of serious and life-threatening complications, which may require hospitalization, include injury to tissues or organs; bleeding; infection, and internal scarring that can cause long-lasting dysfunction or pain. Temporary pain or nerve injury has been linked to the inverted position often used during abdominal and pelvic surgery. Patients should understand that risks of surgery include potential for human error and potential for equipment failure. Risks specific to minimally invasive surgery may include: a longer operative time; the need to convert the procedure to other surgical techniques; the need for additional or larger incision sites; a longer operation or longer time under anesthesia than your surgeon originally predicts. Converting the procedure to open could mean a longer operative time, long time under anesthesia, and could lead to increased complications. Research suggests that there may be an increased risk of incision-site hernia with single-incision surgery. Patients who bleed easily, have abnormal blood clotting, are pregnant or morbidly obese are typically not candidates for minimally invasive surgery, including da Vinci Surgery. Other surgical approaches are available. Patients should review the risks associated with all surgical approaches. They should talk to their doctors about their surgical experience and to decide if da Vinci is right for them. For more complete information on surgical risks, safety and indications for use, please refer to

All people depicted unless otherwise noted are models. ©2014 Intuitive Surgical, Inc. All rights reserved. Product names are trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective holders. Devices described on this website may not be available in all markets outside of the United States, because product availability is subject to the regulatory requirements and pricing/reimbursement policies in each country. Please contact your Intuitive Surgical representative or local distributor if you have questions about the availability of Intuitive Surgical products in your area.

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Prostate Cancer Treatment Options

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